Lance Armstrong

Federal prosecutors, having just witnessed the pratfalls of a haphazard prosecution in the very public Barry Bonds perjury trial, are trying to avoid egg on their faces again.  The next big fish, “squeaky clean” Lance Armstrong, amid “new” allegations that he took EPO in front of a teammate, and that they “all did it together”, this time coming from a different cyclist, had the opportunity to rebutt former teammate Tyler Hamilton on CBS’ 60 Minutes Sunday, but can’t come to terms on the interview’s terms with 60 Minutes producer and CBS News Chairman Jeff Fager.  How surprising!  Apparently 60 Minutes, a program with journalistic integrity, is unwilling to let slippery Lance pre-approve what questions can be asked, though Lance, as always, has it spun as though he is virtually being scumbagged by the man. 

Lance Armstrong and 60 Minutes are on a collision course, with the cycling champion accusing the CBS program of unfair tactics in an upcoming broadcast about allegations of illegal doping by Armstrong.

The show has “basically reneged” on promises made to him, Armstrong told me Thursday night, and “everyone would be frustrated” by such treatment. He said of the producer on the story, “I would not call him a straight shooter… My version of events has never changed on this, and won’t.”

CBS News Chairman Jeff Fager, who is also executive producer of 60 Minutes, dismissed the complaints. “We have been so thorough and fair to Lance Armstrong,” Fager said, adding: “We have shared with them every single allegation in our story… This is a PR game. Our reporters have done a first-class job.”

Negotiations over whether Armstrong would grant an interview for Sunday’s program broke down this week amid accusations of bad faith.

So what exactly would be unfair to Lance about answering a bunch of questions in an interview in which he gets to set whatever record straight that seems to be dogging him, you know, the doping allegation of the day?  The dalliance with 60 Minutes is just a smokescreen, because Lance is not about to do any television interviews at all, since investigators will be waiting to hear his answers so they can use them against him after they indict him.  Since he’s not been under oath, Lance has been free to lie without consequences for all these years.

Those days are ending.  The Feds have gotten mad thorough, and they’ve got some evidence and are off internationally gathering some more, and the evidence will surely contradict Lance’s lies.  What of the Tyler Hamilton EPO accusations and this probe going international? 

Tyler Hamilton, a former teammate of Lance Armstrong, told ”60 Minutes” that he used performance-enhancing drugs with the seven-time Tour de France winner to cheat in cycling races, including the tour.

Hamilton said Armstrong took a blood-booster called EPO in the 1999 tour and before the race in 2000 and 2001. Armstrong won the race every year from 1999-2005.

The interview with Hamilton was broadcast on the ”CBS Evening News” on Thursday.

”I saw (EPO) in his refrigerator. … I saw him inject it more than one time,” Hamilton said, ”like we all did. Like I did, many, many times.”

Hamilton told ”60 Minutes” reporter Scott Pelley: ”(Armstrong) took what we all took … the majority of the peloton,” referring to riders in the race. ”There was EPO … testosterone … a blood transfusion.”

EPO is a drug that boosts endurance by increasing the number of red blood cells in the body.

 EPO has also been found to spike trace levels of HGH.  More:

Recently, American investigators reached out to their colleagues in France with an evidence request that specifically targets U.S. Postal and mentions Armstrong by name, according to those who have seen it.

The Americans requested urine samples that were taken from U.S. Postal riders for anti-doping controls and were subsequently frozen and stored by France’s anti-doping agency. The requested samples included those from the 1999 tour.

French authorities also have been asked to interview and take witness statements from people there who were connected to U.S. Postal or who worked in French anti-doping while Armstrong dominated cycling’s glamour race.

We’re sure Bonds is happy that his case came up first.  Clemens is up next, and then Lance, the really big fish will get his day in court.  In the meantime, he’s taken to smear campaigns against 60 Minutes, tweeting and starting websites about his innocence.

Crack (

Spaniard Alberto Contador (above).

Food contamination?  We called it a fantasy last week, and it would seem we were justified in doing so.  Today the AP reported that 3 time Tour de France champion Alberto Contador had very high levels of plastic residue in a urine sample, which suggests he was transfusing clean urine into his system to beat drug tests.

ASSOCIATED PRESS — A urine sample taken from three-time Tour de France winner Alberto Contador showed abnormally high levels of plastic residues that could indicate he received a transfusion of his own blood during this year’s race, a person with knowledge of the test results told The Associated Press on Tuesday.

Contador, who has previously denied receiving a transfusion, was provisionally suspended by the international cycling federation last week after a small amount of the banned drug clenbuterol was discovered in one of his samples by a laboratory in Cologne, Germany. The Spanish rider blamed contaminated beef for the result.

In a separate sample taken a day earlier, the Cologne lab also found plastic traces that might turn up after a transfusion of blood from a plastic bag, according to the person, who spoke to the AP on condition of anonymity because Contador’s investigation by the UCI is ongoing.

Contador’s abnormal sample showed eight times the normal amount of the plasticizer, the person said.

Of course.  Not surprised in the least over here.  Especially in light of our good friend Dr. J’s comment on a Lance Armstrong entry from months back, in regard to Armstrong refusing to submit to a test at the direct behest of the test’s administrator, which technically constitutes a failed test:

Dr. J Says:
March 28, 2010 at 1:14 am I think the “20 minute shower” was the time it took for him to urinate, insert a catheter into his urethra, and fill his bladder with a clean sample.

We are sticking by our assertion that Contador will be stripped of most, if not all of his hardware, by the time investigators are through with him.  And we hope the same is true for Lance, and a 9′ by 12′ jail cell to boot.

Crack (,

Defending Tour de France Champion Alberto Contador (above).

While 3 time Tour De France Champion and reigning defending champion Alberto Contador clings to a “food contamination” fantasy excuse for flunking a random drug test for the banned substance Clenbuterol late in this past summer’s Tour de France, the facts are these: Contador tested positive for Clenbuterol the day before the Tour’s all important mountain stage, and faces a possible two year ban and forfeiture of his 2010 Tour de France title.

Alberto Contador, a three-time winner of the Tour de France, tested positive for a banned substance on the final rest day of the Tour in July, according to a statement sent Wednesday by his spokesman, Jacinto Vidarte.

Contador, a Spaniard formerly on the Astana team, could lose the title he won this year and face a two-year suspension.

He learned about the positive test for the banned drug clenbuterol, a weight-loss and muscle-building drug, on Aug. 24, nearly a month after winning the Tour, the statement said. He had tested positive for the substance on July 21, one day before the race’s decisive mountain stage.

Since Clenbuterol, or “Clen”, as it is referred to in short, is used for agricultural purposes–as a steroid fed to livestock to ensure leanness, Contador may feel he has a winning explanation for his positive test result.  But Clenbuterol is much more widely used in athletic circles, because it has been the long established drug of choice for athletes and celebrities looking to burn fat.  Clenbuterol is also used by humans as a bronchial dilator.

While Contador has known of his positive test result for over a month, his team chose today to inform the media.  Contador, dogged by steroid allegations that date back to prior to the Tour de France in 2006, is preparing to fight the dirty fight, and cling to denial and ignorance in order to keep his 2010 TDF championship, the scientific community remains unfooled.  Before it’s all said and done, Contador may have to look hard at other excuses, as the scientific community comes with allegations from all corners.

Take a look at the following snippet, and note the date:

July 31, 2007 – 6:57AM
A leading German expert in the fight against doping claimed on Monday to have evidence indicating that Tour de France winner Alberto Contador had used drugs.

Twenty-four hours after the Spaniard donned the winner’s yellow jersey on the Champs Elysees, the expert, Werner Franke, described the 24-year-old’s victory as “the greatest swindle in sporting history”.

Franke bases his claim on documents he says are in his possession from the Spanish police’s Operation Puerto inquiry into Eufemiano Fuentes, the doctor said to have masterminded doping programs for athletes.

“The name of this Mr Contador appears on several occasions on the court and police documents,” Franke told German television station ZDF.

“All of this has been simply concealed and hidden under the carpet whilst the name Contador was erased from the list of suspicious riders,” added Franke.

He says he has a detailed list of banned products used by Contador which appear in sworn statements following the raid on Fuentes’ medical practice.

“He took insulin, HMG-Lepori, a hormone to stimulate the secretion of testosterone and also a product for asthma called TGN – in brief I have before my eyes a protocol for doping,” he told ZDF.

“All of this has been covered up, at least in Spain,” added Franke.,0.jpg&imgrefurl=

So German expert Werner Franke has a “detailed list of banned substances used by Contador”?  No way, right?  I mean, how much chicken is this guy Contador eating?  Speaking of practiced liars, Lance Armstrong supporter Stephanie McIlvain testified last week for over 7 hours in one day to the grand jury convened in the Lance Armstrong probe.  Usually, the prosecution would subject a witness to never ending testimony in the hopes of catching that witness in a lie.

McIlvain was kept on the stand for 4 plus hours longer than was Barry Bonds during BALCO grand jury testimony in San Francisco once upon a time.

The above article is a good one, and echoes this page’s sentiments.  We also think that Armstrong’s conspirators will not hold up so well with perjury charges and real jail time hanging in the balance.  McIlvain, if you will remember, has contradicted the story of Frank and Betsey Andreu, who claimed to be in Armstrong’s hospital room in 1996 when Lance was being diagnosed with cancer.

The Andreu’s say that they were prepared to leave the room when doctors came in to question Armstrong, but that Armstrong insisted they stay.  The Andreus claim that Armstrong was asked by doctors whether he had used PED’s while in their presence, and that Armstrong replied in the affirmative.

And we believe them.

Crack (,

Lance Armstrong (L.) cycling with Frankie Andreu (above).

Frankie and Betsy Andreu, the former a one-time teammate of cyclist Lance Armstrong, the latter, his wife, have been contacted by the F.D.A.’s resident expert when it comes to investigating the use of performance enhancing drugs, criminal investigator Jeff Novitsky, and plan on cooperating fully with his investigation into doping on Armstrong’s cycling teams, according to the New York Daily News

The Andreu’s were in Armstrong’s Indiana hospital room visiting the cycling star in 1996, when Armstrong was being treated for cancer.  When dr’s came in to question Armstrong about his drug history, the Andreu’s got up to leave but were told to stay by Armstrong.  It was then that they heard Armstrong admit to the use of performance enhancing drugs to cancer dr’s–which they have since testified to under oath.

Novitzky has now reached out to the Andreus, who, after being subpoenaed in a 2005 arbitration dispute over victory bonuses, testified that they heard Armstrong confess in a hospital in 1996 to using performance-enhancing drugs. Betsy Andreu confirmed that she and her husband had spoken to Novitzky, but said they have not been subpoenaed by a federal grand jury in Los Angeles that is meeting in secrecy under the direction of assistant U.S. Attorney Doug Miller.

“Novitzky has been nothing but respectful and fair to us,” Andreu told the Daily News. “We will definitely cooperate, telling the truth.”

Armstrong has vigorously denied doping and has hired a powerful legal team to protect himself from the investigation. His attorneys have called the government’s probe a waste of taxpayer money, and have attacked the credibility of a number of Armstrong’s accusers.

The news of Novitzky’s contact with the Andreu household was first disclosed by the Los Angeles Times, which reported that Novitzky had also tried and failed to interview Stephanie McIlvain, a friend of Armstrong’s and a representative of the Oakley eyeware company. McIlvain testified in the 2005 arbitration dispute between Armstrong and a Texas company called SCA promotions (she said she did not recall the 1996 hospital confession the Andreus spoke of).

McIlvain left a number of phone messages for Andreu in recent years, and now Andreu says the government has possession of them.

McIlvain, who worked for Armstrong sponsor Oakley at the time of her perjury, um, I mean testimony, seems perfectly happy to continue lying and obstructing justice for Armstrong.

I wonder how much it cost Lance to buy that type of loyalty.

–Crack (,

Roger Clemens before a federal grand jury in 2008 (above).

Roger Clemens may soon be exchanging his fancy liar clothes for a nice prison jumper, as today the federal government read a 19 page indictment against the disgraced power pitcher which included 6 separate charges of perjury, obstruction, and making false statements to investigators.

Each charge carries a maximum of 5 years in federal prison.

According to the United States attorney’s office, Clemens faces a maximum sentence of 30 years in prison and a $1.5 million fine, but under the current sentencing guidelines, a conviction would likely bring 15-21 months.Clemens’s allegedly false testimony came in a public hearing in which Clemens and his former trainer Brian McNamee, testifying under oath, directly contradicted each other about whether Clemens had used the banned substances.

“Americans have a right to expect that witnesses who testify under oath before Congress will tell the truth,” United States Attorney Ronald C. Machen Jr. said in a statement announcing the indictment. “Our government cannot function if witnesses are not held accountable for false statements made before Congress. Today the message is clear: if a witness makes a choice to ignore his or her obligation to testify honestly, there will be consequences.”

The authorities will not seek to arrest Clemens. According to a spokesman for the United States attorney’s office, Clemens will be asked to appear at arraignment through a judicial summons. The spokesman said that a date had not been set for the arraignment although it could be set later today. The congressional hearing at the heart of the indictment came just two months after McNamee first tied Clemens to the use of the substances in George J. Mitchell’s report on the use of performance-enhancing drugs in baseball. After Mitchell released the report, Clemens claimed McNamee made up the allegations.

From the New York Daily News:

Clemens was one of the greatest pitchers of all time and once a certain first-ballot lock for the Hall of Fame, and a trial is sure to become a huge spectacle, all but assuring that a long train of witnesses will be summoned to testify, including Pettitte, who has verified McNamee’s claims about Pettite’s use of HGH. Other teammates and club officials could also be called to the stand.

Clemens also told Congress during the hearing that McNamee had injected his wife, Debbie, with human growth hormone, but that he had not been present when the trainer shot her up in the belly button. McNamee, as the Daily News first reported, told investigators that Clemens had summoned him from the guest house he was staying in at Clemens’ home to administer the injection. McNamee also said he saw vials of HGH in a shaving kit in Clemens’ bathroom as he prepared to give Debbie Clemens the HGH. McNamee believed the HGH had been sent to Clemens’ home by Radomski, who later provided prosecutors with shipping receipts for a package to Clemens’ address.

To secure the indictment, Butler presented the grand jury with what one source close to the case called “overwhelming” evidence that McNamee’s claims were true.

Even before the Feb. 13 congressional hearing began, then committee chairman Henry Waxman (D-Calif.) said Clemens had made statements that were had said things that were “untrue” and “implausible.”

Thursday, then Tom Davis, the panel’s ranking Republican, told the Daily News that he and Waxman had been approached by federal investigators asking about materiality of Clemens’ statements to the committee.

“I remember sitting in my office with him and saying, ‘Whatever you do, don’t lie.’ We made it clear, don’t lie.” The Justice Department initiated its Clemens perjury investigation two weeks after the February 2008 hearing, where Clemens licked his lips nervously as he was confronted with evidence and testimony that undermined his claims.

Even a sentence of less than 2 years in federal prison and a $ 1.5 M fine would be devestating punishments for Clemens, once revered, for whom prison will be especially humbling, and who, we hear, is struggling financially due to court costs and legal fees.

Of course, Clemens could have saved himself all the trouble by taking Tom Davis’ advice and telling the truth, but the Rocket would rather try to make everyone else into the liar, including McNamee, who luckily kept DNA evidence on Clemens, who obviously isn’t trustworthy.

And none of this bodes well for Clemens in civil court either, where McNamee should seek a substantial payday against the once exalted player who began a sexual relationship with country singer Mindy McCready when she was only 15 years old.

Wonder what Lance Armstrong thought of Clemens’ indictment?

Don’t lie under oath.

–Crack (,

It seems that Lance Armstrong was under the scope of federal investigators long before Floyd Landis came out in emails about cycling’s doping practices, in which the disgraced Tour de France champion implicated Armstrong, the 7 time Tour de France champion.  According to Sunday’s New York Daily News, the federal investigator who keeps dopers up nights–Jeff Novitsky–served a search warrant to Los Angeles fashion designer Michael Ball’s residence earlier this year, and that search warrant may have unearthed evidence implicating Armstrong.

Ball owned a racing team called Rock Racing which embraced cyclists tarnished by doping scandals, a team that had a renegade reputation in the sport since its formation in 2007.  Rock Racing is now defunct, but ironically, may cause  its greatest stir from beyond the grave.

According to multiple sources close to the probe, lead investigator Jeff Novitzky has contacted several members of Rock Racing, a now-defunct pro team that was owned by designer jeans maker Michael Ball. Formed in 2007 in Los Angeles, the team cultivated an outlaw image and provided a home for a number of riders tarnished by doping scandals.

Earlier this year, investigators served a search warrant on Ball’s luxury apartment in a high rise in the Marina del Rey neighborhood on the west side of Los Angeles. In April, his Rock and Republic clothing company went bankrupt. Sources say Ball was under Novitzky’s scrutiny before Armstrong’s name emerged.

Since the raid on Ball’s home, the Daily News has learned, investigators have reached out to Rahsaan Bahati, a former Rock Racing rider who last winter formed his own team and hired cycling outcast Floyd Landis. At the time, Landis was trying to return from a doping suspension that cost him his 2006 Tour de France title.

With the scrutiny mounting around Lance Armstrong, the cyclist recently retained LA based criminal defense attorney Bryan Daly, despite News’ writer Nathaniel Vinton’s description of Landis’ assertions about Armstrong’s doping, in which he called the Landis’ claims “extraordinary.”

Frankly, Vinton seems poorly informed.  Armstrong has a known positive result for the banned blood booster and steroid masking agent erythropoietin (EPO), and a compromised result in 2009 when Armstrong refused to submit for a urine sample at the behest and direction of the administrator–which technically speaking, is considered a failed test because of non compliance.

In light of that information, how could doping claims against Armstrong be “extraordinary”?  Vinton does go on to provide us with more important information on the Armstrong probe, as he talked about the trail that led investigators to Roger Clemens.

Novitzky, who was with the Internal Revenue Service in 2003 when he uncovered the BALCO doping ring and in 2006 when he disrupted the steroid distribution network Kirk Radomski set up in clubhouses across Major League Baseball, has demonstrated an uncanny ability to build a blockbuster criminal case by seizing on the relatively minor transgressions of small-fry athletes. Take, for example, the shipment of human growth hormone to journeyman pitcher Jason Grimsley that ultimately led to the undoing of seven-time Cy Young Award winner Roger Clemens.

Could an investigation into Ball or one of the riders on his team have given Novitzky the opening he needed to target Armstrong, one of the most beloved and shrewd athletes in the sporting world? One thing is certain: the Los Angeles grand jury gives him a wide open road.

“The Supreme Court has held that, subject to certain fairly narrow exceptions, the grand jury may go where the evidence takes it,” explains Rosengart. “Consistent with their extremely broad prosecutorial discretion, federal prosecutors have tremendous power as well.”

Wouldn’t it be something if Rock Racing plays a part in this scandal, as well as the countless other things you know are out there about Lance, that are going to start becoming public, the way that Landis made his news public earlier this summer.

Investigators start pushing people a little, threatening federal time, and a lot of people are going to cave right away.  This isn’t going to be some kangaroo court in France or wherever.  Also, Lance seems behind in the game a little.  Theyhave potentially been looking at him since early Spring, and he just hired a lawyer last week. 

I’m sorry.  It’s not humanly possible to win that thing 7 times as a clean athlete.  And Lance is no choir boy.

–Crack (,

7 time Tour De France champion and alleged doper Lance Armstrong (above).

With a federal grand jury gathering steam around him, Lance Armstrong picked an attorney tonight who was recognized as one of the top in the field of white collar crime in 2008, Los Angeles based criminal defense attorney Bryan D. Daly from the firm Shepphard Mullin Richter and Hampton.

A former federal prosecutor, he is a partner at the firm Sheppard Mullin Richter and Hampton. His hiring was first reported by The Daily Journal, a legal trade publication in Los Angeles.

“I was recently retained by Mr. Armstrong to assist him with respect to the investigation by the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Los Angeles,” Daly said in an e-mail to the Daily News. “I have no comment at this time, except to say that we are going to work diligently to find out precisely what, if anything, this investigation has to do with Mr. Armstrong.”

The government’s investigation is being led by Food and Drug Administration criminal investigator Jeff Novitzky, who uncovered the BALCO doping ring in 2003. A grand jury empanelled at the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California has issued subpoenas in the case to three-time Tour de France winner Greg LeMond and the Trek Bicycle Corporation, a sponsor of Armstrong’s teams. Overseeing the case is assistant U.S. Attorney Doug Miller.

More on Daly’s distinguished career:

Bryan D. Daly

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Mr. Daly co-chairs Sheppard Mullins’ Government Contracts and White Collar Defense practice groups and works out of the firm’s Los Angeles office.  Mr. Daly is a former Assistant United States Attorney for the Central District of California, Criminal Division, Public Corruption and Government Fraud Section.

As a federal prosecutor, Mr. Daly was responsible for the investigation and prosecution of a wide variety of fraud and whistleblower cases, including health care fraud, aerospace and defense contractor fraud, and environmental violations.  From 1991 through April 1995, Mr. Daly served as Director of the government’s Southern California Government Fraud Task Force and supervised numerous law enforcement agents from various federal agencies. He received the 1992 Department of Justice Director’s Award for Superior Performance as an Assistant United States Attorney, and the 1994 Department of Justice Special Achievement Award for Sustained Superior Performance as an Assistant United States Attorney.

In private practice, Mr. Daly has tried numerous criminal and complex civil cases in federal and state courts including those for businesses and executives under investigation or charged with white collar criminal offenses, including the defense of companies and executives accused of FCPA violations.  He has also conducted more than 100 internal investigations and compliance inquiries for a number of major corporations. In this capacity, Mr. Daly has worked closely with management to create effective training and compliance programs for employees and has also investigated fraud and other allegations of misconduct on behalf of these companies, and has coordinated voluntary disclosures and case referrals to the Department of Justice and other impacted agencies where appropriate. Many of these matters have been in response to whistleblowers’ allegations and False Claims Act complaints.  Specifically, Mr. Daly has investigated and defended dozens of whistleblower suits brought against Northrop Grumman Corporation, Hughes Aircraft Company, Raytheon Corporation, Duke Electric Corporation, Sony Corporation and Los Angeles Department of Water and Power.  In an effort to help avoid or minimize the adverse impact of whistleblowers’ suits, Mr. Daly has worked closely with management (1) to develop and implement effective self-governance programs, and  (2) to create training and compliance programs for employees to self-report allegations of misconduct.  Where appropriate, he has also coordinated voluntary disclosures and case referrals to the Department of Justice and other impacted agencies.

Mr. Daly was nominated in 2008 as one of the top ten White Collar Defense attorneys in the United States by Chambers USA.  He has been recognized as one of the nation’s top ranked White Collar Defense attorneys by Chamber USA and The Best Lawyers in America since 2004.  Mr. Daly is also currently the Chairman of the ABA’s Subcommittee on False Claims Act Litigation.


  • J.D., Rutgers University School of Law, 1985
  • B.A., Ramapo College, 1982


  • United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit, 1995
  • United States District Court, Central District of California, 1985
  • California, 1985

Christine Brennan of USA Today thinks Armstrong has much to lose with the upcoming probe, making his choice of counsel all the more important.

Jeff Novitzky, the Food and Drug Administration agent who led the successful investigation into the BALCO steroids case, is on Armstrong’s tail in another federal investigation, this time trying to determine if the seven-time Tour de France winner and role model for thousands of cancer patients was involved in doping and possible fraud with his old U.S. Postal Service cycling team. Armstrong, 38, the famous cancer survivor who has repeatedly denied any involvement with performance-enhancing drugs, said last week that he would cooperate with a “fair investigation” into the damaging allegations made in May by his former teammate Floyd Landis, who himself was stripped of his 2006 Tour title for doping.

 But, as is Armstrong’s often-belligerent way, he delivered this caveat:

 “As long as we have a legitimate and credible and fair investigation, we’ll be happy to cooperate, but I’m not going to participate in any kind of witch hunt,” Armstrong said. “I’ve done too many good things for too many people.”

 It’s such an interesting way for Armstrong to look at things, basically saying he’s too important as a cultural icon to endure the kind of scrutiny that some for years have thought he most definitely deserves. Consider that Armstrong remains at this moment one of the few non-cheating big names in the dirtiest sport on the planet.

 Memo to Lance: This is the Steroids Era in sports. You’re an athlete who happens to be competing at this time. Deal with it.

 It’s not only Landis who is accusing Armstrong of doping. Three-time Tour de France champion Greg LeMond is talking too, saying, among other things, that he believes the evidence against Armstrong “will be overwhelming.”

I’d have to agree with Brennan, and unlike her, I am not going to pretend that Lance is the clean man in a dirty sport, especially since a test came up positive for Armstrong and the drug EPO in 2005 off a 1999 sample, witness testimony by the Andreu’s, and a compromised test last year which was technically a failed test because under the terms of the World Anti-Doping Agency’s procedures, when a person doesn’t submit to a sample at the direct behest of the tester, the test is an automatic fail.

Armstrong refused to submit to a urine sample in 2009, saying he first needed to shower before he could compel a sample, and giving himself a 20 minute window for a trace amount of a substance to leave his blood stream, or as Dr. J has suggested, to put in a catheter connected to a bag of clean urine.

We tend to support Lemond’s contention that by the time this is done, the evidence against Armstrong will be overwhelming.

Be A Clean Athlete,

Crack (

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